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400 Paar? This is how it happened just once.

In sympathy wave after Indira assassination, the Congress led by means of Rajiv Gandhi received 414 seats, forty eight.12% of votes – in a sweep, curiously, not unlike Modi-led BJP’s now. Both information stay unrivaled
Three days from now, we will finally know how close the BJP or NDA finishes to its touted seat goal of “400 paar”. In India’s electoral history, a party has crossed that wide variety most effective as soon as, while the Congress won 414 seats (of the 541 that voted) in the Lok Sabha elections that followed Indira Gandhi’s assassination.

Even inside the preliminary years following Independence, when the Congress became the principal celebration, its numbers were more modest – between 1951-fifty two and till 1977, the birthday celebration’s highest seat tally become 371 in 1957, while it received extra than three hundred seats in 1951-52, 1957, 1962 and 1971. In the publish-Emergency election of 1977 although, the Congress won just 154 seats. By 1980, it had recovered to 353 seats.

Rajiv Gandhi, who were decided on hurriedly as interim Prime Minister in the aftermath of his mother’s killing, fashioned the authorities in 1984. However, that overwhelming majority did not suggest that his government turned into free of troubles. In reality, it remained beset with troubles, from the Shah Bano verdict to commencing of the locks of the temple at Babri Masjid, to the Bofors scam.

In 1989, the Congress lost strength, prevailing 197 seats, with a coalition of events underneath the Janata Dal forming the authorities.

While the Congress might shape a government 3 instances within the following years, it never got an absolute majority – triumphing 244 seats in 1991 (in opposition to the general public mark of 272), one hundred forty five in 2004 and 206 in 2009.

The 1984 Lok Sabha polls
Not most effective did the Congress win a file-high number of seats inside the standard elections that year, it additionally were given the best ever vote share for a single party, at forty eight.12%. The closing time a party had come close to this before it was when the Congress got 47.Seventy eight% of the votes inside the 2d widespread elections after Independence, in 1957.

Since 1984, no celebration has crossed the forty% mark, with the Congress coming closest in 1989 at 39.Fifty three%, followed through the Narendra Modi-led BJP in 2019 at 37.7%.

The 1984 elections had been held in parts, with maximum of the usa vote casting in December that year, and Punjab and Assam in September 1985, after the Rajiv government had signed accords to cease agitations within the states.

For the Opposition, it became a entire washout. The biggest national birthday party after the Congress became the CPI(M), which won 22 seats and 5.71% of the vote percentage. The BJP, in spite of securing the second one-highest vote share at 7.Four%, gained simplest 2 seats.

The non-Congress countrywide events received a mixed forty eight seats, at the same time as nation events and Independents gained a total of seventy nine.

How Cong overall performance paralleled BJP’s now
Of the 23 states and Union territories with multiple Lok Sabha seat on the time, the birthday party swept 9 – including Madhya Pradesh (forty seats), Rajasthan (25), Haryana (10), Delhi (7) and Himachal Pradesh (4).

The Congress also dominated numerous different states, specially Uttar Pradesh (such as Uttarakhand at the time), wherein it received 83 of the eighty five seats; Bihar (together with Jharkhand), prevailing 48 of fifty four; Maharashtra, forty three of forty eight seats; Gujarat, 24 of 26 seats; Karnataka, 24 of 28 seats; and Odisha, 20 of 21 seats.

Barring in Odisha, the Congress performance in 1984 almost suits the BJP’s in 2019.

Where the Congress did higher become within the states in which the BJP remains seeking to make inroads. The Congress gained almost half the seats in Tamil Nadu (25 of 39), aided by ally AIADMK, which picked up 12 extra seats. In Kerala, the Congress were given thirteen of 20 seats.

In Jammu and Kashmir (including Ladakh), the Congress gained three of 6 seats.

Where Cong struggled
Despite its landslide win, the party struggled in states which include Andhra Pradesh, winning 6 of 42 seats; Assam, where its tally was four of 14; West Bengal (sixteen of 42 seats); and Punjab (6 of thirteen seats). While the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) changed into the dominant birthday party in Andhra, with 30 seats, both Assam and Punjab had their own popular nearby clothes, taking up the Congress. Bengal saw the Left the front take the lead with 26 seats.

In assessment, whilst the BJP has also struggled to benefit ground in Andhra (which includes its erstwhile component Telangana) and Punjab, it has made huge inroads in Assam and Bengal.

The best states or UTs where the Congress did no longer win any seat in 1984 were Sikkim (1 seat), Tripura (2 seats) and Dadra & Nagar Haveli (1 seat).

50% vote share-plus seats

Of its 414 seats, the Congress won almost two-third, 293, with greater than 50% of the vote share. It gained another a hundred and one seats with forty% to 50% of the vote percentage and 20 seats with 20% to forty% vote percentage.

The seat where the Congress won by means of the highest margin changed into Rajiv’s constituency Amethi, with him securing 83.Sixty seven% of the votes and completing 3.15 lakh votes beforehand of his rival, in spite of a middling voter turnout within the seat of 58.89%.

Overall, the turnout throughout the usa became sixty three.Fifty six%, the highest on report till that time. This changed into surpassed simplest in 2014, whilst the turnout hit 66.Four%.

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